If you have an interest in firearms, whether for your protection or for shooting as a sport, you may be focusing on purchasing the right gun to suit your needs. However, do not overlook the importance of the proper ammunition! Without the right bullets, you may not achieve your desired result when shooting, and this can render your firearm useless. Moreover, knowing what the different types of bullets are best for can help you narrow down the options that you can make your selection from. The following list is a beginners' guide to bullets that are available at an ammunition shop.
JHP is an abbreviation for 'jacket hollow point bullets', and these are considered the premium choice when it comes to ammunition. The JHP bullets are hollowed out, which leaves their core exposed. However, this structural design is not for aesthetic reasons. Instead, once the JHP bullet penetrates soft tissue, it ends up expanding and mushrooming out, which causes the bullet wound to be more prominent and more egregious. JHP bullets are also quite efficient for self-defence, as not only do they cause critical bodily harm to your antagonist, but the impact of the bullet also works to slow down the individual and give you time to escape.
FMJ stands for 'full metal jacket', and this type of ammunition is one of the most common types of bullets that you will find in any shop. FMJ bullets consist of a soft core that is made up of lead, which is enclosed by a harder metal, typically copper. It derives its name from the complete enclosing of its inner core. One thing to note about these types of bullets is that they are best suited for practising at a shooting range. FMJ bullets are quite affordable, so they are an economical option when you need to get in as many practice rounds as possible. It should also be noted that FMJ bullets are not an excellent option for people looking for defensive ammunition, so it is not advisable to use these bullets to protect your home or loved ones.
These types of bullets get their name from how they fragment whenever they impact a target. The bullets are typically manufactured from brittle metallic materials that will easily crumble when exposed to high pressure. Frangible bullets generally are used for hunting because once they shatter, they can considerably slow down the prey that you are stalking.